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Ways To Treat And Prevent Kidney Stones

Live Science

Kidney stones, known medically as nephrolithiasis, are hard, crystallized deposits of minerals and salts that build up in the kidney. These are usually formed when urine becomes concentrated and crystallizes. This can be caused by a number of things, potentially affecting any part of your urinary tract.

For milder cases, you may be able to pass a kidney stone by drinking lots of water and taking pain medication. Passing a stone can sometimes cause a lot of pain. However, if stones get stuck in the urinary track, they could cause a urinary tract infection. Serious cases such as this may require surgery.

Kidney stones are rather prevalent, occuring in almost 13 percent of men and seven percent of women. Those who have already gotten a stone are 50 percent more likely to develop one again within five years, and up to 80 percent more likely within ten years.

Some of the signs that you might have a kidney stone include extreme pain in the side and back, pain radiating to the lower abdomen and groin area, pain occuring in waves, problems with urination, nausea, vomiting, and a fever if you have an infection. It is important to see a doctor if you suspect you have a kidney stone, in order to get it treated immediately and prevent it from getting worse.

If you are diagnosed with kidney stones, your doctor might recommend one of the following treatments.